Joint Pain, Aging, and Arthritis


Elena Schiopu, MD, clinical associate professor, rheumatology and internal medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Abor.

Practical Pain Management: “Pain Management and the Elderly.”

Brett Smith, DO, rheumatologist, Alcoa, TN.

American Journal of Nursing: “The Impact of Osteoarthritis in the United States: A Population-Health Perspective.

Mayo Clinic: “Arthritis,” “Osteoarthritis,” “Rheumatoid arthritis.”

CDC: “Smoking & Tobacco Use.”

Arthritis Foundation: “5 Reasons Smoking Makes Arthritis Worse,” “Glucosamine and Chondroitin for Osteoarthritis Pain,” “Sleep and Pain,” “Weight Loss Benefits for Arthritis.”

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: “Smoking and Musculoskeletal Health.”

Cleveland Clinic: “5 Best Ways to Save Your Joints As You Age,” “Here’s Why Losing Weight is the Key to Losing Joint Pain,” “Painful Arthritis in Your Knee? Acupuncture May Bring Relief,” “Why Smoking Will Increase Your Chronic Pain,” “The Best Exercises to Keep Your Joints Healthy.”

Brain & Life: “Core Exercises That Can Help Improve Balance and Prevent Falls.”

Select Health: “Why Sugary Beverages Are Harmful to Your Body.”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Acupuncture,” “Obesity, Sugar and Heart Health.”

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: “Sugar-sweetened soda consumption and risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis in women.”

Orthopedic Associates: “Dehydration and Joint Pain: How Your Hydration is Affecting Joint Health.”

Dignity Health: “Five Arthritis Trigger Foods to Avoid.”

Harvard Health Publishing: “Omega-3-rich foods: Good for your Heart”

Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: “Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP),” “Viscosupplementation Treatment of Knee Arthritis.”

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